In Ayurveda, research means something different from what it means in the context of allopathic medicine. Research is literally re - searching in the context of Ayurveda. Searching and discovering what has been forgotten. Research is very much linked with Ayurvedic practice and cannot be a separate activity. A physician has to be a researcher because every patient that comes to him is an opportunity for research and discovery of a new approach to treatment. Combining the strengths of the knowledge base of traditional systems such as Ayurveda with the dramatic power of combinatorial sciences and high throughput screening will help in the generation of structure-activity libraries. Ayurvedic knowledge and experiential database can provide new functional leads to reduce time, money and toxicity - the three main hurdles in the drug development. Any other kind of research is restricted to documentation and an attempt to understand what happens in the course of Ayurvedic treatment. One has to become really convinced that the treatment made the difference. One must not be misled by the fallacy that any cure that follows a treatment can be attributed to the treatment.

This is what research and documentation can achieve. It is hoped that this activity will give a scientific footing to Ayurvedic practice and develop the interface for interactions with the scientific community

A review of some exemplary evidence-based researches and approaches has now resulted in wider acceptance of Ayurvedic medicines. In the new era of drug development based on natural products, there can be two paths. One the traditional methods of drug discovery based on active principles and hit and trial method, and the another is intentional based on sound understanding of the paradigm of natural products action in the body based on Ayurvedic principles. The latter one has got greater chances of success and also has lesser time bar for development as it is based on the clinical activity.

Look at the comment on Ayurveda in ‘bbc.co.uk by Dr Rob Hicks in September 2005’ “Ayurveda is growing rapidly in popularity in the West, but most Ayurvedic research has been carried out in India. Studies have shown it to be effective for many disorders including digestive, skin and gynaecological problems. Panchakarma techniques are said to be particularly effective for nasal congestion, sluggish digestion and stress.”

About Ayurveda

Introduction

Ayurveda is the science of life . The word Ayurveda is derived from two words ayus and veda . Ayus means chedana which signifies life, vitality, consciousness, intelligence etc. the aim of Ayurveda is the maintenance of health in a healthy person and relief from disease in a patients. According to Ayurveda the whole universe is derived from the combination of five basic elements known as ‘panchabhuta’, They are prthvi (eaerth) , ap (water ), tejus (fire),vayu(air), and akasa. Likewise our body (sareera) its constituent part along with the doshas dhatus and malas etc. are also derived from their combination. combination of sperm & ovum in association with atma (soul), prakrthi& vikaras is called gharba (foets ) there is chetana in it from the time the ovum fertilized by the sperm the development of the foetus into a complex body with all its organs in due to the subtle pancha butas. According to Ayurveda our body is compsed of dosha dhatus & malas .

Tridosha theory is the foundation of Ayurveda . the concept of trodiohsa means the theory of 3 somatic humors ie vata, pitha kapha they are also originated from panchabutas. The term dosha means the factor which is not only capable of vitiation but also vitiating other factors of the body. They provade all over the body and are also known as sarira doshas. They vitiates due to their own causes & disturbs their physiological functions there by producing diseases. Apart from this there are two other manasika doshas (psycho humors) also they are rajas & thamas . Ayurveda is developed on the basis of tridosa theory. Tridoshas are inseparable in nature. They are the causes of production, prevention & destruction of the body. Even though they pervade whole body their special seats in normal state are respectively the lower, middle ,upper position of the Body .


Origin

Ayurveda is the oldest surviving complete medical system in the world. Derived from its ancient Sanskrit roots - ‘ayus' (life) and ‘ved' (knowledge) – and offering a rich, comprehensive outlook to a healthy life, its origins go back nearly 5000 years. To when it was expounded and practiced by the same spiritual rishis, who laid the foundations of the Vedic civilization in India, by organizing the fundamentals of life into proper systems.

The main source of knowledge in this field therefore remain the Vedas, the divine books of knowledge they propounded, and more specifically the fourth of the series, namely Atharvaveda that dates back to around 1000 BC. Of the few other treatises on Ayurveda that have survived from around the same time, the most famous are Charaka Samhita and the Sushruta Samhita which concentrate on internal medicine and surgery respectively. The Astanga Hridayam is a more concise compilation of earlier texts that was created about a thousand years ago. These between them forming a greater part of the knowledge base on Ayurveda as it is practiced today.

Historians have not pin-pointed the exact time Ayurveda came into being. Most agree that Ayurvedic classical texts were written in India between 3,500 and 5,000 years ago, though some suggest an even longer history. The origins of this system of course are lost in time. In legend it is said to have been taught by the creator, Brahma, to the Prajapati Daksha to the Ashwinikumars. Ashwinikumars are the heavenly healers. They taught Indra, the chief of the shining ones. The personages mentioned were deities of early Vedic times. When mankind started suffering from various diseases the wise men like Bharadvaja learnt from Indra the knowledge of medicine. Gradually the huge amount of knowledge accumulated was divided systematically into different branches.